The First 100 days of Nigeria’s Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management & social
The term “first 100 days” was coined by Mr. Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States during a radio broadcast about 86 years ago (precisely on July 24, 1933). Roosevelt never knew at the time that the first 100 days will take on symbolic significance and be considered a benchmark to measure the early success of a leader. The creation of the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Development (FMHDSD) by the Nigerian President on 21st August 2019, and the appointment of Hajiya Sadiya Umar Farouq as the minister were significant developments for the country and among the best decisions made by the government. Given that the ministry was conceived and born at a time of severe humanitarian crises and complex threats by extreme climatic events, an appraisal of how it has fared in its first 100 days is essential. There are several reasons why the new ministry meant so much to Nigerians. For instance, due to increased number and intensity of attacks by Non-State Armed Groups (NSAGs), the conflict in Nigeria’s Northeast continues to be one of the largest and widespread protection crises, negatively impacting the lives of millions of people, particularly women and children (Danish Refugee Council, 2019). The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs – OCHA (2019) estimated that 7.1 million Nigerians remain in need of humanitarian assistance in what is now known in the humanitarian parlance as BAY states i.e. Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe. The UN agency (OCHA) noted in its ‘Nigeria: 2019-2021 Humanitarian Response Strategy (January 2019 – December 2021)’ that out of the 7.1million, “2.3 million are girls, 1.9 million boys, 1.6 million women and 1.3 million men.” OCHA equally indicated
that the UN and partners, in support of the Governments of Nigeria and of countries hosting Nigerian refugees simultaneously launched the strategy as well as the Regional Refugee Response Plan,
respectively seeking “$848 million and $135 million to continue providing food, water, shelter and
protection to the most vulnerable people in Nigeria and neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Niger.” The
conflict has generated large population movements with current displacement figure standing at almost 2 million individuals. This number does not include displacements and humanitarian crises resulting from
herdsmen-farmers conflict or banditry in certain parts of Nigeria, as well as another 800,000 people in
areas that are inaccessible to international humanitarian actors in the northeast. The fate of those
800,000 men, women, and children should be a reminder that we have a collective responsibility towards
ending the conflict in what ever way we can, as they have the same right to life like any of us. At the same time, Nigeria like some countries of the world is threatened by disaster from natural forces. For instance, the 2012 floods in the country caused nearly US$17 billion in damages and losses. President Buhari declared a national disaster in the states affected by another flood in 2018. Combination of the humanitarian crises resulting from conflict and disaster as well as the challenge posed by extreme poverty affecting almost 90 million Nigerians made the new ministry a welcome development. It is not
necessarily all bad news as the humanitarian community provided life-saving assistance to almost 5.6
million affected people in 2017, another 5.5 million in 2018, and 4 million as at October 2019 and helped stabilised living conditions for millions of affected people (UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 2019). The crisis, which once affected six states, is now contained to the BAY states. An appreciable progress has been made, but as the conflict continues, significant humanitarian needs remain. Nigeria’s minister of FMHDSD Hajiya Sadiya Umar Farouq sent an important message on the 19th of October when she appeared at the scene of a truck fire disaster in the Southeast city of Onitsha within 24 hours of the incident that caused damages costing millions of naira. This uncommon attitude is a good omen for a new Nigeria. Having a sitting minister appearing at such scene without necessarily sending a representative shows a high sense of professionalism and concern for lives and properties.While it is not expected that the minister visits all disaster scenes in Nigeria to demonstrate that the government cares, her action sends an important message to all persons in position of authority in Nigeria especially those that deal with emergencies that it is not going to be business as usual.On the 6th of November 2019, there was a dialogue between the Nigerian Government and the Humanitarian Community in the Northeast of Nigeria under the leadership of the Minister of FMHDSD in what is now known as the Civil-Security Cooperation in Humanitarian Interventions in the Northeast Workshop. In his opening remark at the workshop, the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria Mr. Edward Kallon noted that “it was the first time that civil authorities, the military, and humanitarian actors from national and international levels were meeting under one roof” to examine the humanitarian challenges in the Northeast, with a view to “prioritizing prevention always, development wherever possible and humanitarian action when necessary”. That it has to take the creation of a new ministry and a minister to call such an important workshop involving all the relevant actors, speaks to the coordinating role of the ministry. This is an area where the minister deserves commendation given the fact that collaboration is crucial to finding a lasting solution to a conflict that has killed over 27,000 people, created thousands of widows, widowers, orphans, and abduction of thousands of women and girls, as well as over USD8 billion worth of damages to infrastructure (UNDP, 2018; OCHA, 2019). As the workshop was ending, an agency of the new ministry i.e. the National Emergency Management Agency on the 15th of November 2019 launched its National Emergency Management Policy document in response to the United Nations Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. It is unfortunate that many Nigerians appear not to understand the significance of that important event. The framework adopted by member states about four years ago listed targets and priorities for action to prevent new and reduce existing disaster risk. There are 25 targets related to disaster risk reduction in 10 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (United Nations, 2015), firmly establishing the role of disaster risk reduction as a core development strategy for the FMHDSD and its minister. The overall essence of the document is to build safer and more resilient communities. Nigerians at all levels must begin to take steps towards preventing new and reducing existing disaster risks as echoed by Mr. Mustapha Maihaja the Director General of NEMA. On the international day for disaster risk reduction (13th October 2019), the minister re-stated the commitment of her ministry to not only support recovery from disaster, but equally committed to disaster risk reduction, while urging Nigerians to do the same. The minister’s position aligns with the UN secretary General Mr. António Guterres’ declaration that reducing disaster risk is a good investment, and the right thing to do. For every dollar invested, six dollars can be saved. The minister by her action so far has demonstrated the five practices of exemplary leadership by Kouzes and Posner (2003). She Modelled the Way, and Inspired a Shared Vision of a government that values the lives of its citizens. Hajiya Umar-Farouq Challenged the Process whereby disaster impacted victims were often been directed by their state governments to wait on NEMA. Unfortunately, many times, state governments have continued to shift their responsibilities to the federal government and it agencies. The Minister’s directive to relevant agencies to immediately swing into action while providingt the enabling environment and resources demonstrated her commitment to Enabling Others to Act. Her presence to personally empathize with the victims and reminding them that they were not alone speaks to her understanding of what it takes to Encourage the Heart.While the minister’s response to the truck fire disaster in Onitsha will be remembered with gratitude for a long time, the role of local governments and states in disaster management in Nigeria needs to be revisited with a view to developing their capacities. Of Nigeria’s 36 states, less than 30 percent are familiar with disaster risk reduction strategies. It is heartwarming to note the minister’s body language and positive belief in a Nigeria that will develop solution to disaster related challenges and become a reference point someday. That is the right mindset. Over reliance of state governments on the federal government to intervene in times of disaster is not in the best interest of the country. It is a deviation from the strategic thinking behind the United Nations Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Headlines of wealthy Nigerians donating relief materials to disaster impacted citizens in different states often abound, but gaps exist in the activities of state governments towards reducing disaster risk. While Lagos, the federal capital territory Abuja, and few states have done amazing job in this area, over reliance of 180 million Nigerian’s on the federal government especially NEMA and the FMHDSD for help in times of disaster is not sustainable. NEMA has tried since its creation in 1999.The agency has a well-developed capacity but alone it cannot address all challenges associated with disaster in the 21st century. State governments must do their part without necessarily running to the agency at the smallest of disasters. With states not doing much, it is difficult to blame local government areas some of whose administrators are not sure of what to do before, during, and after a disaster. This is an area that the new minister needs to look into. If NEMA has been unable in the past 20 years to compel state governments to act, a ministerial dialogue might make a difference. Presidential powers might be needed to make this work. That there are states without structures on ground to address the four phases of emergency management (i.e. mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery) in the 21st century calls for sober reflection especially at a time when headlines from across the world are indicating that no country is immune to disaster.In his nationwide broadcast of 1st October 2019, the Nigerian President acknowledged the poverty challenge in the country and noted that the USD500 billion social investment program of the administration is part of his strategy for addressing it. While the decision to bring the social investment office under the minister of FMHDSD was a right step in the right direction for better coordination, it is an area where Nigerians will be expecting results. It is important that it remains among the minister’s important priorities given that almost half of the country’s population are facing different forms of poverty. In three months, the expectation is that a brand-new ministry especially in a developing country like Nigeria will still be sorting out issues relating to office space, organogram, structure, staffing, budget, and other logistics. However, the steps Hajiya Umar Farouq has taken so far shows that she is ready for business. It shows that Nigerians can look up to her to change the narrative. But Nigerians must be ready and willing to support her as communication, cooperation, collaboration, and coordination are fundamental in addressing the humanitarian challenges facing the country. No single individual acting alone can solve the problem. The minister’s steps so far are commendable. It shows that she can make a positive difference. Of course, she needs to make a positive difference so that posterity can be kind to her.
Dr. Marcus Edino, Humanitarian and Disaster Management Professional, Alberta, Canada.
Borno’s Zulum : When a Governor takes the interest of his people first
Borno’s Zulum: When a governor takes the interest of his people first
By: Yusuf Adamu
Recently, the Chadian government withdraw its military helping Nigeria in the fight against insurgency in the northeast. The attendant result was worrisome as terrorists launch a devastating attack on the people rendering many homeless. The situation is unfortunate and also seemed to have lower the moral of our military in some sense.
When the people of Borno state saw the withdrawal of the Chadian troops, many began a repeat of the exodus that informed many towns and villages empty to this day when such an episode occurs few years ago. Worried by this development perhaps informed the decision of the Borno state governor to go to Chad on a diplomatic mission to win back such assistance once again in order to finally put an end to the menance of this dark days marauders.
Concern for his people, Borno state governor, Babagana Umara Zulum has denied himself any relationship with relaxation and sleeping as would some in his place would do with all the comfort around them. He was always at a distance with his comfort zone to ensure his people gets the benefit of the trust they put on him.
It was that concern that led him to loose his temper at the Njimtilo gate when he saw security operatives extorting money from innocent civilians. For him, it was not an outing for pleasure whenever he leaves his comfort zone. Sometimes he leaves ahead and left whoever cares for the people follow him in order to secure a better tomorrow for his people.
He went further recently to launch 70 security vehicles to help boost the moral of the security operatives in the discharge of their duties, which is to safeguard live and property of the people particularly travellers along the dreaded Maiduguri – Damaturu road.
The effort by governor Zulum is said to be yielding result now that a clash between the insurgents and Police in Mainok goes to show that, with better support the Boko Haram insurgents are nothing but common criminals using fear to magnify their strength.
Seemed to be left along without the support of the high and mighty from Borno state. Zulum is not ready to wait when his people are being killed by the day. For him, living can only make meaning when the people you are leading are safe and happy. A leader should be ahead not behind, and a general who always leads a war leads to victory. For the people of Borno state, this is the time to come together to support this administration and to continue to pray for governor Babagana Umara Zulum in his effort to free Borno
Yusuf Adamu, is the former political adviser to the Borno state governor, Kashim Shettima
Dr. Dikwa ; The Rise & Meritorious Exit of a Colossus From Public Service
Dr.Dikwa: The Rise and Meritorious Exit of a Colossus from Public Service
Dr Abubakar Mohammed
Sixty years ago, the clerical and conservative family of Alhaji Kyari and Hajiya Amina were blessed with a child whom they named Mohammed. The boy was born precisely on a Sunday, the 3rd January 1960 in the town of Dikwa which is located in Borno State. He was the youngest of four boys and second to the last born of the family. Unknown to the Dikwas and the people of Borno, the little Mohammad would grow up to be a key player in Nigeria’s public financial sector.
Revealingly, Dr. Dikwa started school in 1971 at Central Primary School, Dikwa through the influence of the Emir of Dikwa and the late Sir Kashim Ibrahim who was an Education Officer in the 1960s. Dr. Dikwa demonstrated excellence through hardwork and diligence at Central Primary School,Dikwa. It was reported by his classmates and teachers that it was a regular occurrence to see him receiving prizes at the palace of the local Chief. This display of excellence in academics and sports became his trademark and made one of his classmates to give him the sobriquet, “Taada hangal kiji” which when loosely translated into English language means, “The boy with the sharp brains.”
After graduating in 1977, Dr. Dikwa and one of his primary school mates were offered provisional admission into Government Secondary School, Gashua where he met people like Dr. Yarima Ngama, Prof. Shettima Abdu and Senator Ahmed Lawan, who were a year ahead of him. When Dr. Dikwa got to Gashua, the late Ali Pindar Kwajjafa was the principal of the school. Kwajjafa was a no- nonsense school Administrator who ensured that conducive atmosphere necessary for learning was maintained at the school. Dr. Dikwa after expectedly graduating with flying colors, taught briefly in Dikwa because of his inherent passion to give back to his community. He is still a part time Lecturer at the University. He later secured admission into Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri to study Town Planning in 1982. He stayed in the Town Planning department for a semester and then, in demonstration of his proactivenes, took a life defining decision – a decision that once more showed that the vintage Mohammed is gifted with unrivaled wisdom and intelligence. Naturally, he is the kind of person who doesn’t stay anywhere he is not being appreciated. He changed his course from Town Planning to Accountancy. He simply followed his intuition after realizing that Town Planning was not for him. Today, we all know and can therefore, boldly say that it was the Almighty who led him to the best profession suitable for him. Although Dr. Dikwa joined the Accountancy department a little bit late, he graduated as the overall best student of Ramat Polytechnic in 1985, as he swept all the prizes and in addition, was offered five automatic employment letters by different banks, the state government and the World Bank’s Project. He took that of the World Bank’s Project.
He started his career in the World Bank project as an Internal Auditor in the Borno Agricultural Development Project known as BODAP. He covered the entire present Borno and Yobe States, regularly visiting places like Jakusko, Damaturu,Biu,Munguno, Gashua just to mention but a few, to take stock of the World Bank’s agricultural inputs interventions especially fertilizer and seedlings. With maximum commitment, Dr. Dikwa displayed efficiency and accountability in the discharge of his duties by visiting all areas of responsibility and rendering account of every penny spent. On numerous occasions, he had returned what was left after his routine visits. The World Bank project’s officials took notice of his excellent performance and professionalism and recommended him for promotions. Dr. Dikwa later on transferred his services to the Borno State Government. His quintessential quest for excellence and competence made him to further his studies. Dr. Dikwa got admitted into the Department of Social and Management Sciences of the University of Maiduguri to study Accountancy. His classmates at the University would recall with great joy how committed, friendly and generous he was to virtually all. Combining studies and work as a civil servant is not an easy task, but Dr. Dikwa managed both perfectly well and graduated with distinction and thereafter, enrolled for a Master’s degree in Accounting and Finance at the same University. Dr Dikwa would later go on to become a Chartered Accountant of international repute and a member of both ICAN and ANAN. He proceeded to Harvard Business School, Oxford, Cambridge, Thames and Business School of the World (Instead, France) to obtain various International certifications in Accounting and Finance. He kept firing on in the academic world unabated until he reached the zenith of it all and obtained the covetous Doctorate in Public Sector Financial Management.
Dr. Dikwa’s professionalism and passion for excellence as an Accountant made him to stand out from the coterie of Accountants in Borno State. It is on record that he is the only Accountant to serve five different military administrators as Chief Accountant at the Government House, Maiduguri. He was diligent, hard working, tolerant, honest, loyal to a fault and also smart. His ability to adapt to different situations and people made it easier for him to work with the military administrators. Some of these military administrators, for example, General Buba Marwa still relate with Dr. Dikwa excellently. It should be noted that General Marwa was the Chairman of the Occasion at the wedding reception of Dr.Amina ( Dr. Dikwa’s daughter). The last military administrator, Group Captain Lawan Ningi and his administration decided to do massive reshuflement in the State Civil Service which saw Dr. Dikwa moved to the Pilgrim’s Welfare Board as Chief Accountant in 1998. It was at the peak of the General Sani Abacha’s era. Not long afterwards, General Abacha died and General Abdussalami Abubakar came in with his new political program which saw the conduct of general elections in 1999.
After the general elections, Alhaji Mala Kachalla of the All People’s Party defeated Alhaji Baba Ahmed Jidda of the People’s Democratic Party to emerge as Governor. Dr. Dikwa didn’t know Governor Kachalla. Obviously, some people who placed the development of Borno State above their personal gains might have recommended him to the Governor knowing that the governor was a man who was in love with merit and excellence. Expectedly, Governor Kachalla did his background checks, obtained Dr. Dikwa’s phone number and placed a call to him. Dr. Dikwa was surprised to hear Governor Kachalla speak to him. In essence, Governor Kachalla introduced himself and made his intentions known to Dr. Dikwa. He blatantly told him that he wanted to make him the state’s Accountant General. To make Dr. Dikwa understand the importance of this appointment, Governor Kachalla told him that the Accountant General and Secretary to the State Government positions were the first major appointments he was going to make.
Dr. Dikwa worked with Governor Kachalla for four years and he was like the Scion of the administration. He was not only transparent and honest to Governor Kachalla but did all to see that the adminstration succeeded through innovative fiscal discipline and laudable projects that showed value for money. The monthly FAAC allocation to Borno as of then was not more than 200 million but it was judiciously and prudently managed.The Mala Kachalla administration was the height of peace building and conflict management in Borno State. It was said that Dr. Dikwa and the Governor Kachalla were regularly seen inspecting road projects in the wee hours of the night. It was common to see the late Kachalla measuring the thickness of the asphalt road with measuring tape which he carried around.
In 2003, some not so honorable politicians collaborated with a vicious group of thugs known as ECOMOG and disrupted the gubernatorial elections. Governor Kachalla was defeated and a new administration that was vindictive took over. Instead of the new government to commend Dr. Dikwa for the laudable initiatives he brought to public financial management in Borno, they chose to do the opposite. Given that Dr. Dikwa doubles as both Accountant General as well as Permanent Secretary at the Borno State Ministry of Finance, the new regime harrased, blackmailed and persecuted him but at the end of the day, the truth prevailed and Dr. Dikwa got vindicated.
Shortly after that, Dr. Dikwa moved to the Federal Civil Service as an Assistant Director in 2003. Most of the people who were in the same level with him who moved to the Federal Civil Service where absorbed as Deputy Directors but Dr. Dikwa, though better qualified than most of them was absorbed as an Assistant Director. Still, he never complained, grumbled or made any protests because although he is not a complacent individual, he is naturally a contented and patient person who believes that God will ultimately make things to work out well for him.
As Assistant Director in the Office of the Accountant General of the Federation, Dr.Dikwa attracted the attention of his colleagues and superiors because of his diligence, hard work,easy going nature, team spirit and innovative ideas. Even as State Accountant General, Dr. Dikwa introduced innovative ideas like e-payment,e-collection and computerisation of all financial transactions and data. He was also credited with changing the normenclature of Director of Finance and Supplies (DFA) to Director of Finance and Accounts( DFA) so as to professionalize the accounting sector in Borno State. Prior to his assumption as Accountant General in Borno, it was common to see Marketing and Business Mangement graduates working as Accountant in the Civil service but immediately he took over, he made it compulsory for anyone who wanted to continue as an Accountant to obtain an Accounting qualification from the polytechnic and university or obtain an ICAN or ANAN certification. At the Office of the Accountant General of the Federation, Dr. Dikwa introduced innovative ideas like Cash Management policy, GIFMIS,IPPIS, Efficiency Unit and so on. When Kemi Adeosun was appointed as Finance Minister, she was advised by her confidants to get Dr. Dikwa if she wants to see results as Minister of Finance especially in the area of public financial management in the country. She collaborated with him and formed the Presidential Initiative on Continuous Auditing (PICA) which had saved Nigeria billions of Naira and weeded out over 50,000 ghost workers from the Federal Government’s payroll. Apart from that, innovative solutions like Whistle Blower and Treasury Single Account that have helped the Buhari administration to identify and apprehend corrupt persons were either conceived or midwifed by him.There is virtually no innovative solution or concept in the nation’s public financial management sector that has taken place within the last 16 years that doesn’t have the input of Dr. Dikwa.
In 2018, the Federal Civil Service conducted promotion examination for Directors to be considered for promotion as permanent secretaries. Dr. Dikwa who has written numerous books on public sector financial management which many Directors consulted for promotional exams ironically, had been bypassed for consideration as Permanent Secretary even though many Directors who were once his junior had been considered and elevated to Permanent Secretaries. But in 2018, he sat for the examination and came out as the overall best. The President who values excellence wasted no time in confirming him as a Federal Permanent Secretary where he was asked to be the pioneer Chief operating officer of the Special Duties Department at the nation’s Finance Ministry. He was asked to oversee and coordinate public sector financial reforms, debt servicing,make recommendations, review the functions of MDAs through a risk based approach, exercise oversight responsibilities,transform internal audit practice etc.
The contributions of Dr. Dikwa to the government and people of Nigeria are numerous but they can be summarize into seven:
1. Entrenchment of fiscal discipline and probity in the management of public resources.
2. Professionalism and diligence in public service. His transparency and incorruptibility will forever be a reference point to civil servants. Bayo Adams of Periscope Consulting was right when he said that Dr. Dikwa’s “integrity is next to none.”
3. Strengthening of the Federal Civil Service through rigorous training,study materials and mentorship. His Public Servant’s Companion series are read by Civil servants all over the country.
4. Introduction of innovative ideas like the TSA, Whistle Blower and Continuous Auditing.
5. His efforts and his team had saved Nigeria billions of Naira and millions of dollars.
6. Efficiency in public financial management which saw oil marketers and all persons doing business with the government being attended to in short period of time. It’s on record that there was never a time in the entire career of Dr. Dikwa as a public servant where anybody has to bribe him in anyway to discharge his duties.
7. The last but not least is that Dr. Dikwa is one person who has been able to show to civil servants how to lead as a detribalised leader. It’s no longer news that most senior civil servants in the rank of either Director or Permanent Secretary are fond of assembling staff from their ethnic or religious group thus if the Permanent Secretary is Kanuri and Muslim,all his personal staff will be Kanuris or at most from his state and must be Muslims. But we don’t see this in Dr. Dikwa’s office because his staff is a mix. In fact, there is only one Kanuri there as a staff.
Come January 3rd, 2020, Nigeria is going to witness the exit of one of its finest public servant who is in the same league with legendary public servants like Ibrahim Damcida, Phillip Asiodu and Ahmed Joda. I believe that Dr. Dikwa would have been allowed to stay like other Permanent Secretaries who were given tenure extension by the President if he wants but he chose to lead by example and obey the Civil Service rules as a good public servant. The Civil Service rules states that a civil servant must resign after putting in 35 years of service or reaching the age of 60. The law is the law. It’s good to note that even though some Permanent Secretaries who are above 60 are still in the Civil Service of the Federation, Dr. Dikwa has shown decorum and grace by complying with the laws of the land. His willingness to retire means that he has nothing to fear or hide; that there is life after office.
As this outstanding Nigerian clocks 60 and bows out of the Civil Service , I want to use this medium to tell him that Nigerians still need him more than ever before; that even though he is retiring from the Civil Service because he wants to comply with the law, we know that he is not tired,that the Buhari administration still needs him. I therefore, call on the government to engage him in a higher capacity to serve his Fatherland even better. Lastly, granting to this gentleman by the Federal Government, the National Honors (Commander of the Order of the Niger), may not be a bad idea.
Mohammed writes from Lagos
Buni ; An Outstanding Governor Par Excellence
Buni ; An outstanding Governor Par excellence
By Haruna Yusuf
Settling for befitting caption for this piece posed some difficulties for me initially, as i mooted the idea to put my thought together in form of an article knocking it in shape was not as difficult as reaching for the little that says it all.
Naturally, some people are just born special to lead, some are gifted with talent in art and culture, some are effortlessly speaking in different languages, some are given exceptionally good looks.
Buni got the best of gifts, the special gift to lead and extra – ordinary vision that comes with a remarkable intelligence, faith and wisdom to overcome.
Gov. Buni is one person who can empathize with the plight of the masses and always makes things done at the end of the day.
There are straight opinions about the performance of Governor Mai Mala Buni’s led administration, so far, Buni doesn’t keep your shoes clean and he also doesn’t suffer his with such pleasure he matches on, leading the charge and never panting inspire of the movement energized pace, no one dares to drag, as a tall man, you’d be left behind. And his frankness on issues is second to none.
It is not always easy to work with a “workaholic” Governor whose main requirement is competence plus “doing the extra mile”
Governance in Yobe state, under the determined leadership of Gov. Buni is no more a pleasure ride, it is serious business.
This piece, is not about politics, politics is like the hide of the seas, it swings to and fro, much like the thrust of a pendulum, as they say; wherever the commanding interest lies.
Gov. Buni in his 8 months in office has achieved tremendously and worth commending.
Haruna Yusuf 29/12/2019
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