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The impediments and solutions for achieving sustainable water management in Nigeria



The Impediments and Solutions for Achieving Sustainable Water Management in Nigeria

In Nigeria, both surface and ground-water resources play a vital role in the development of urban and rural areas. In a recent report it was estimated that the groundwater potential of aquifers in Nigeria are 100 times the amount found on the surface. Out of the current population of almost 200 million people in Nigeria, more than 95% depend directly on these natural resources for their daily water needs. With the rapid population growth of about 2.5% per annum, the demand for water has progressively increased over the last three decades and it is likely to continue into the future. The provision of safe drinking water has deteriorated in the country, for example, access in urban areas fell from 79 per cent to 74 per cent during the periods 2002-2010. This intolerable downward trend is largely due to poor management frameworks; inadequate technical capabilities and human capacities, insufficient investment and funding. Others are lack of stakeholder participation in the management of water resources and the fragmented nature of institutions responsible for water management in the country.

Rapid population growth and uncontrolled urbanisation further aggravate the increasing magnitude and distribution of the above ground anthropogenic activities that potentially affects the quality and quantity of the available water resources. Uncontrolled urbanisation, dense population concentrations and the ever increasing human activities all severely affect surface and ground-water qualities. This is especially the case across all the states of the federation, where the urban expansion and development are not usually guided by regulations.

Also, major environmental problems such as solid and liquid waste disposal by residents and local businesses, proliferation of pit latrines, and other non-point pollution sources related to anthropogenic activities continually pose a significant threat to the portability of the shallow aquifer systems in Nigeria. These environmental problems are aggravated by rapid population growth and unrestrained urbanisation in the country.

Another problem in Nigeria is stakeholder exclusion in planning and management of water resources at the community, local and state levels. Poor coordination among the various components of the water management system is a major constraint in achieving sustainability in the country. Currently, these factors have an undesirable effect on the effectiveness of the local water management institutions in all the 36 states of the federation and the Federal Capital Territory (Abuja). The singular approaches adopted by the state water agencies in the country have undermined the sustainable utilisation and management of water resources.

Solutions to the intractable issue of unsustainable water management in Nigeria require an integrated strategy and are urgently required. Many other developing nations, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, have similar issues. The following are the overarching issues that need to be addressed.

The first step in achieving surface and ground-water protection system is by educating the citizenry to create awareness among the populace on the benefits of safe, clean water and the environment. The water sources needed for future development and population growth are being degraded by current waste disposal practices and the pollution needs to be made aware of this to help curb contaminating practices. At the school level the various state governments, through the Ministries of Education and the state primary education boards, all have an important role to play by reviewing the current curriculum and ensuring teachers have the relevant training to boost environmental education in schools across the country.

Presently, the National School Curriculum only recognises health education, integrated science and social studies at pre and post-primary school levels. It is essential to incorporate environmental education into the current curriculum at all levels. At the community level improved education on these issues is also required. Community associations, especially women and youth groups, farmers union, and other relevant groups should be formed to work with the local community leaders in collaboration with the local authorities. In particular, NGOs, various state ministries (Education, Environment, Water Resources and Health) need to take a proactive role in advancing environmental advocacy and awareness creation among the populace via community and interpersonal networks. The general public must be adequately informed. The public cannot be expected to cooperate fully in relation to complex societal problems that are beyond their basic knowledge. The public needs to be informed of the risks associated with improper waste disposal and their effects on water systems now and into the future.

Secondly, the current legislative framework is clearly not producing sustainable results in relation to water management. Authorities must introduce legislation that will regulate surface and ground-water developments and constrain the activities that might compromise their quantity and quality. This is because comprehensive, water legislation offers considerable advantages that provide a legal basis for the effective and sustainable management of the resources base. The legislative framework needs to: (i) provide clear explanation of the roles and responsibilities of all institutions and the relevant stakeholders in the water sector; (ii) ensure creation of water stakeholders, and public-private partnerships; (iii) ensure the advancement of water provision mechanisms based on the social and economic value of water, and (iv) enable pollution control through the formulation and enforcement of communal rules that foster embracing solutions to the prevailing problems and individual initiatives at the community level.

The new legislation should provide for better gender balanced involvement in private water supply regulation, as the current water supply legislation is out of date and controlled by males. It was recently identified by the UN Water that women are typically more response to environmental and social issues. Legislations should clearly state the terms for planning, allocation and conservation of water resources, as well as the level of stakeholder interaction between local communities and institutions.

The 36 state legislative Assemblies should ensure the provision of legislations that will regulate waste disposal and indiscriminate use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides on agricultural land in proximity to vulnerable water resources. State environment protection agencies should be conferred with the constituted authority of enforcement and prosecution of perpetrators of inappropriate waste disposal practices and chemical applications. Likewise, the local community leaders, including traditional rulers, should be supported by the local authorities to persuade the local residents to support this scheme, and the responsibility of enforcing at a local community level. Provisions should be put in place to require the lining of all pit latrines in the existing and new development areas by the state (Ministries of Environment and the state Urban Development Boards). The proliferation of pit latrines in residential areas across the Northern region is not regulated, most of the pit latrines are not lined so will continuously contaminate groundwater resources of urban areas. Groundwater supplies in urban areas are import water supplies now and will become increasingly important as the population grows as surface water resources are fully utilised. An integrated urban waste disposal (sewage) system is required.

Presently, in most states of the country fees and services associated with on-site household sanitation facilities are not charged, and the state utilities are not involved in their control. In this regard, the relevant state institutions, in collaboration with the municipal councils, should recognise the need to be involved in regulating on-site household or community-based sanitation facilities. In addition, a long-term plan for the maintenance of on-site sanitation facilities should be supported by a budget. So, the authorities need to urgently assess the real requirements of the appropriate sanitation systems for each area and put plans, policies and budgets in place to maintain these systems if they are to avoid additional groundwater contamination into the future. In achieving progress, all the 36 state assemblies in Nigeria should provide legislations that will prohibit construction of unlined pit latrines in residential areas. Regulations should also be put in place; that will compel households to pay sanitation fees (at least 1% proportionate to the cost of their development) which will be used to subsidise improved latrines with proper technical standards that suits their local conditions.

Thirdly, developing a robust waste management framework that considers the ethics, beliefs and cultural norms of the people is essential in Nigeria. For this reason, all the state and local governments in Nigeria, and all other relevant institutions should adopt and implement programmes that will empower local women and youth groups through beneficial waste management activities. This has multiple benefits as it will ensure the protection of groundwater resources and the environment, which will help to prevent illnesses related to poor sanitary conditions. As an ancillary benefit it will create employment opportunities for jobless women and youths who are typically the lowest income earners. In this regard, a potential site should be chosen by the federal government as the first pilot scheme, and a special task force committee, with state officials, representatives of the local residents and water users, group of youths and women, community leaders, and the local religious groups as well as local NGOs and professional groups, should be formed by the government to mainstream this policy. This should be scaled up in all the states and local councils of the federation.

Fourthly, the existing structure (top-down governance) employed by the various local and state governments as well as the federal government is a major impediment and often results in inconsistency of government policy implementation. Therefore, a more integrated governance framework that brings together the relevant stakeholders (government ministries, water user groups, academia/technical experts and all other relevant institutions) should be put in place, so that water and waste management are handled as a sub-system of a larger planning group, each impacting on the other. Furthermore, the institutional framework for solid-waste management must be addressed, with a view to bringing together the relevant institutional players and clarifying their responsibilities.

In achieving this, the current uncoordinated practices of water and waste management and urban planning as well as other municipal services must be integrated. This is because, these presumed separate entities are interrelated implicitly and need to be managed holistically if environmental degradation and groundwater contamination are to be prevented. The piecemeal approach currently employed is not working. For example, all the 36 state ministries of Water and the Environment should work with the various universities in their domain including any available technical experts to identify and map all the potential pollution sources within cities, in order to protect and effectively manage the water resources of the area concerned.

The various water ministries, in collaboration with the universities in the country, must carry out a comprehensive monitoring programme to identify trends in water quality and quantity. This information must be made accessible to the Ministries of Health and all relevant agencies and the relevant stakeholders alike. Likewise, the various urban development boards in the country can work closely with the Ministries of the Environment in formulating policies that will mitigate the impact of new development on the environment. This co-ordination will contribute significantly, and it will lead to the development of sustainable pollution prevention and control strategies.

Fifthly, to ensure sustainable management of water resources in Nigeria, there is the need for greater ties between the various national and regional institutions. For example, regional disparities exist in cooperation among the riparian countries of the Lake Chad Basin (Nigeria, Niger, Chad, and Cameroun). These countries have signed multitudes of multilateral agreements for the sustainable management of transboundary aquifers. Similarly, the countries in West Africa (Economic Community of West African States) can cooperate with others in the eastern (East African Community) and southern (Southern African Development Community) Africa region for the development and adoption of the Africa Regional Action Plan on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). Thus, local water protection activities need to be planned in harmony with the broader regional policy framework as well as the global policy on sustainable development (Agenda 2030). There is the need for greater ties and commitment between external stakeholders (international development partners) and the federal government of Nigeria. There are number of international development partners working in Nigeria; providing support in health, education, rural development, social and development issues, and water-sanitation.
Still, it is imperative to increase the existing bilateral ties especially with the local communities. Development partners need to deepen their commitments at the community level, especially in the areas of education, capacity building, and advocacy on sustainable water management issues. Also, development partners needs to further support the state and national institutions in the areas of manpower development, international and local policy development, and institutional capacity building among others. Increased institutional capacity at the federal, state, and local levels will ensure sustainable management of water resources in Nigeria.

The federal, states, and local governments have committed to improving the access to safe, clean, and affordable water in the country. However, despite their commitments, the Millennium Development Goals for access to water and sanitation remained unrealistic at the end of 2015. Therefore, in attaining the goals and targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) now and in the near future, the various governments need to fully comprehend the need for prioritising the water resource management agenda in their development policies. Also, the various governments must ensure effective implementation of water policies and strategies, and the strict enforcement of water legislations. It is equally important, for the sake of sustainable water resource management, to ensure that there are adequate returns from cost recovery to finance data collection, monitoring of system status, and resources management.

Dr. Ali Bakari is a Senior Lecturer, Department of Geology, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria

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Borno’s Zulum : When a Governor takes the interest of his people first



Borno’s Zulum: When a governor takes the interest of his people first

By: Yusuf Adamu

Recently, the Chadian government withdraw its military helping Nigeria in the fight against insurgency in the northeast. The attendant result was worrisome as terrorists launch a devastating attack on the people rendering many homeless. The situation is unfortunate and also seemed to have lower the moral of our military in some sense.

When the people of Borno state saw the withdrawal of the Chadian troops, many began a repeat of the exodus that informed many towns and villages empty to this day when such an episode occurs few years ago. Worried by this development perhaps informed the decision of the Borno state governor to go to Chad on a diplomatic mission to win back such assistance once again in order to finally put an end to the menance of this dark days marauders.

Concern for his people, Borno state governor, Babagana Umara Zulum has denied himself any relationship with relaxation and sleeping as would some in his place would do with all the comfort around them. He was always at a distance with his comfort zone to ensure his people gets the benefit of the trust they put on him.

It was that concern that led him to loose his temper at the Njimtilo gate when he saw security operatives extorting money from innocent civilians. For him, it was not an outing for pleasure whenever he leaves his comfort zone. Sometimes he leaves ahead and left whoever cares for the people follow him in order to secure a better tomorrow for his people.

He went further recently to launch 70 security vehicles to help boost the moral of the security operatives in the discharge of their duties, which is to safeguard live and property of the people particularly travellers along the dreaded Maiduguri – Damaturu road.

The effort by governor Zulum is said to be yielding result now that a clash between the insurgents and Police in Mainok goes to show that, with better support the Boko Haram insurgents are nothing but common criminals using fear to magnify their strength.

Seemed to be left along without the support of the high and mighty from Borno state. Zulum is not ready to wait when his people are being killed by the day. For him, living can only make meaning when the people you are leading are safe and happy. A leader should be ahead not behind, and a general who always leads a war leads to victory. For the people of Borno state, this is the time to come together to support this administration and to continue to pray for governor Babagana Umara Zulum in his effort to free Borno

Yusuf Adamu, is the former political adviser to the Borno state governor, Kashim Shettima

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Dr. Dikwa ; The Rise & Meritorious Exit of a Colossus From Public Service



Dr.Dikwa: The Rise and Meritorious Exit of a Colossus from Public Service

Dr Abubakar Mohammed

Sixty years ago, the clerical and conservative family of Alhaji Kyari and Hajiya Amina were blessed with a child whom they named Mohammed. The boy was born precisely on a Sunday, the 3rd January 1960 in the town of Dikwa which is located in Borno State. He was the youngest of four boys and second to the last born of the family. Unknown to the Dikwas and the people of Borno, the little Mohammad would grow up to be a key player in Nigeria’s public financial sector.

Revealingly, Dr. Dikwa started school in 1971 at Central Primary School, Dikwa through the influence of the Emir of Dikwa and the late Sir Kashim Ibrahim who was an Education Officer in the 1960s. Dr. Dikwa demonstrated excellence through hardwork and diligence at Central Primary School,Dikwa. It was reported by his classmates and teachers that it was a regular occurrence to see him receiving prizes at the palace of the local Chief. This display of excellence in academics and sports became his trademark and made one of his classmates to give him the sobriquet, “Taada hangal kiji” which when loosely translated into English language means, “The boy with the sharp brains.”

After graduating in 1977, Dr. Dikwa and one of his primary school mates were offered provisional admission into Government Secondary School, Gashua where he met people like Dr. Yarima Ngama, Prof. Shettima Abdu and Senator Ahmed Lawan, who were a year ahead of him. When Dr. Dikwa got to Gashua, the late Ali Pindar Kwajjafa was the principal of the school. Kwajjafa was a no- nonsense school Administrator who ensured that conducive atmosphere necessary for learning was maintained at the school. Dr. Dikwa after expectedly graduating with flying colors, taught briefly in Dikwa because of his inherent passion to give back to his community. He is still a part time Lecturer at the University. He later secured admission into Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri to study Town Planning in 1982. He stayed in the Town Planning department for a semester and then, in demonstration of his proactivenes, took a life defining decision – a decision that once more showed that the vintage Mohammed is gifted with unrivaled wisdom and intelligence. Naturally, he is the kind of person who doesn’t stay anywhere he is not being appreciated. He changed his course from Town Planning to Accountancy. He simply followed his intuition after realizing that Town Planning was not for him. Today, we all know and can therefore, boldly say that it was the Almighty who led him to the best profession suitable for him. Although Dr. Dikwa joined the Accountancy department a little bit late, he graduated as the overall best student of Ramat Polytechnic in 1985, as he swept all the prizes and in addition, was offered five automatic employment letters by different banks, the state government and the World Bank’s Project. He took that of the World Bank’s Project.

He started his career in the World Bank project as an Internal Auditor in the Borno Agricultural Development Project known as BODAP. He covered the entire present Borno and Yobe States, regularly visiting places like Jakusko, Damaturu,Biu,Munguno, Gashua just to mention but a few, to take stock of the World Bank’s agricultural inputs interventions especially fertilizer and seedlings. With maximum commitment, Dr. Dikwa displayed efficiency and accountability in the discharge of his duties by visiting all areas of responsibility and rendering account of every penny spent. On numerous occasions, he had returned what was left after his routine visits. The World Bank project’s officials took notice of his excellent performance and professionalism and recommended him for promotions. Dr. Dikwa later on transferred his services to the Borno State Government. His quintessential quest for excellence and competence made him to further his studies. Dr. Dikwa got admitted into the Department of Social and Management Sciences of the University of Maiduguri to study Accountancy. His classmates at the University would recall with great joy how committed, friendly and generous he was to virtually all. Combining studies and work as a civil servant is not an easy task, but Dr. Dikwa managed both perfectly well and graduated with distinction and thereafter, enrolled for a Master’s degree in Accounting and Finance at the same University. Dr Dikwa would later go on to become a Chartered Accountant of international repute and a member of both ICAN and ANAN. He proceeded to Harvard Business School, Oxford, Cambridge, Thames and Business School of the World (Instead, France) to obtain various International certifications in Accounting and Finance. He kept firing on in the academic world unabated until he reached the zenith of it all and obtained the covetous Doctorate in Public Sector Financial Management.

Dr. Dikwa’s professionalism and passion for excellence as an Accountant made him to stand out from the coterie of Accountants in Borno State. It is on record that he is the only Accountant to serve five different military administrators as Chief Accountant at the Government House, Maiduguri. He was diligent, hard working, tolerant, honest, loyal to a fault and also smart. His ability to adapt to different situations and people made it easier for him to work with the military administrators. Some of these military administrators, for example, General Buba Marwa still relate with Dr. Dikwa excellently. It should be noted that General Marwa was the Chairman of the Occasion at the wedding reception of Dr.Amina ( Dr. Dikwa’s daughter). The last military administrator, Group Captain Lawan Ningi and his administration decided to do massive reshuflement in the State Civil Service which saw Dr. Dikwa moved to the Pilgrim’s Welfare Board as Chief Accountant in 1998. It was at the peak of the General Sani Abacha’s era. Not long afterwards, General Abacha died and General Abdussalami Abubakar came in with his new political program which saw the conduct of general elections in 1999.

After the general elections, Alhaji Mala Kachalla of the All People’s Party defeated Alhaji Baba Ahmed Jidda of the People’s Democratic Party to emerge as Governor. Dr. Dikwa didn’t know Governor Kachalla. Obviously, some people who placed the development of Borno State above their personal gains might have recommended him to the Governor knowing that the governor was a man who was in love with merit and excellence. Expectedly, Governor Kachalla did his background checks, obtained Dr. Dikwa’s phone number and placed a call to him. Dr. Dikwa was surprised to hear Governor Kachalla speak to him. In essence, Governor Kachalla introduced himself and made his intentions known to Dr. Dikwa. He blatantly told him that he wanted to make him the state’s Accountant General. To make Dr. Dikwa understand the importance of this appointment, Governor Kachalla told him that the Accountant General and Secretary to the State Government positions were the first major appointments he was going to make.

Dr. Dikwa worked with Governor Kachalla for four years and he was like the Scion of the administration. He was not only transparent and honest to Governor Kachalla but did all to see that the adminstration succeeded through innovative fiscal discipline and laudable projects that showed value for money. The monthly FAAC allocation to Borno as of then was not more than 200 million but it was judiciously and prudently managed.The Mala Kachalla administration was the height of peace building and conflict management in Borno State. It was said that Dr. Dikwa and the Governor Kachalla were regularly seen inspecting road projects in the wee hours of the night. It was common to see the late Kachalla measuring the thickness of the asphalt road with measuring tape which he carried around.

In 2003, some not so honorable politicians collaborated with a vicious group of thugs known as ECOMOG and disrupted the gubernatorial elections. Governor Kachalla was defeated and a new administration that was vindictive took over. Instead of the new government to commend Dr. Dikwa for the laudable initiatives he brought to public financial management in Borno, they chose to do the opposite. Given that Dr. Dikwa doubles as both Accountant General as well as Permanent Secretary at the Borno State Ministry of Finance, the new regime harrased, blackmailed and persecuted him but at the end of the day, the truth prevailed and Dr. Dikwa got vindicated.

Shortly after that, Dr. Dikwa moved to the Federal Civil Service as an Assistant Director in 2003. Most of the people who were in the same level with him who moved to the Federal Civil Service where absorbed as Deputy Directors but Dr. Dikwa, though better qualified than most of them was absorbed as an Assistant Director. Still, he never complained, grumbled or made any protests because although he is not a complacent individual, he is naturally a contented and patient person who believes that God will ultimately make things to work out well for him.

As Assistant Director in the Office of the Accountant General of the Federation, Dr.Dikwa attracted the attention of his colleagues and superiors because of his diligence, hard work,easy going nature, team spirit and innovative ideas. Even as State Accountant General, Dr. Dikwa introduced innovative ideas like e-payment,e-collection and computerisation of all financial transactions and data. He was also credited with changing the normenclature of Director of Finance and Supplies (DFA) to Director of Finance and Accounts( DFA) so as to professionalize the accounting sector in Borno State. Prior to his assumption as Accountant General in Borno, it was common to see Marketing and Business Mangement graduates working as Accountant in the Civil service but immediately he took over, he made it compulsory for anyone who wanted to continue as an Accountant to obtain an Accounting qualification from the polytechnic and university or obtain an ICAN or ANAN certification. At the Office of the Accountant General of the Federation, Dr. Dikwa introduced innovative ideas like Cash Management policy, GIFMIS,IPPIS, Efficiency Unit and so on. When Kemi Adeosun was appointed as Finance Minister, she was advised by her confidants to get Dr. Dikwa if she wants to see results as Minister of Finance especially in the area of public financial management in the country. She collaborated with him and formed the Presidential Initiative on Continuous Auditing (PICA) which had saved Nigeria billions of Naira and weeded out over 50,000 ghost workers from the Federal Government’s payroll. Apart from that, innovative solutions like Whistle Blower and Treasury Single Account that have helped the Buhari administration to identify and apprehend corrupt persons were either conceived or midwifed by him.There is virtually no innovative solution or concept in the nation’s public financial management sector that has taken place within the last 16 years that doesn’t have the input of Dr. Dikwa.

In 2018, the Federal Civil Service conducted promotion examination for Directors to be considered for promotion as permanent secretaries. Dr. Dikwa who has written numerous books on public sector financial management which many Directors consulted for promotional exams ironically, had been bypassed for consideration as Permanent Secretary even though many Directors who were once his junior had been considered and elevated to Permanent Secretaries. But in 2018, he sat for the examination and came out as the overall best. The President who values excellence wasted no time in confirming him as a Federal Permanent Secretary where he was asked to be the pioneer Chief operating officer of the Special Duties Department at the nation’s Finance Ministry. He was asked to oversee and coordinate public sector financial reforms, debt servicing,make recommendations, review the functions of MDAs through a risk based approach, exercise oversight responsibilities,transform internal audit practice etc.

The contributions of Dr. Dikwa to the government and people of Nigeria are numerous but they can be summarize into seven:

1. Entrenchment of fiscal discipline and probity in the management of public resources.
2. Professionalism and diligence in public service. His transparency and incorruptibility will forever be a reference point to civil servants. Bayo Adams of Periscope Consulting was right when he said that Dr. Dikwa’s “integrity is next to none.”
3. Strengthening of the Federal Civil Service through rigorous training,study materials and mentorship. His Public Servant’s Companion series are read by Civil servants all over the country.
4. Introduction of innovative ideas like the TSA, Whistle Blower and Continuous Auditing.
5. His efforts and his team had saved Nigeria billions of Naira and millions of dollars.
6. Efficiency in public financial management which saw oil marketers and all persons doing business with the government being attended to in short period of time. It’s on record that there was never a time in the entire career of Dr. Dikwa as a public servant where anybody has to bribe him in anyway to discharge his duties.
7. The last but not least is that Dr. Dikwa is one person who has been able to show to civil servants how to lead as a detribalised leader. It’s no longer news that most senior civil servants in the rank of either Director or Permanent Secretary are fond of assembling staff from their ethnic or religious group thus if the Permanent Secretary is Kanuri and Muslim,all his personal staff will be Kanuris or at most from his state and must be Muslims. But we don’t see this in Dr. Dikwa’s office because his staff is a mix. In fact, there is only one Kanuri there as a staff.

Come January 3rd, 2020, Nigeria is going to witness the exit of one of its finest public servant who is in the same league with legendary public servants like Ibrahim Damcida, Phillip Asiodu and Ahmed Joda. I believe that Dr. Dikwa would have been allowed to stay like other Permanent Secretaries who were given tenure extension by the President if he wants but he chose to lead by example and obey the Civil Service rules as a good public servant. The Civil Service rules states that a civil servant must resign after putting in 35 years of service or reaching the age of 60. The law is the law. It’s good to note that even though some Permanent Secretaries who are above 60 are still in the Civil Service of the Federation, Dr. Dikwa has shown decorum and grace by complying with the laws of the land. His willingness to retire means that he has nothing to fear or hide; that there is life after office.

As this outstanding Nigerian clocks 60 and bows out of the Civil Service , I want to use this medium to tell him that Nigerians still need him more than ever before; that even though he is retiring from the Civil Service because he wants to comply with the law, we know that he is not tired,that the Buhari administration still needs him. I therefore, call on the government to engage him in a higher capacity to serve his Fatherland even better. Lastly, granting to this gentleman by the Federal Government, the National Honors (Commander of the Order of the Niger), may not be a bad idea.

Mohammed writes from Lagos

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Buni ; An Outstanding Governor Par Excellence



Buni ; An outstanding Governor Par excellence

By Haruna Yusuf

Settling for befitting caption for this piece posed some difficulties for me initially, as i mooted the idea to put my thought together in form of an article knocking it in shape was not as difficult as reaching for the little that says it all.

Naturally, some people are just born special to lead, some are gifted with talent in art and culture, some are effortlessly speaking in different languages, some are given exceptionally good looks.

Buni got the best of gifts, the special gift to lead and extra – ordinary vision that comes with a remarkable intelligence, faith and wisdom to overcome.
Gov. Buni is one person who can empathize with the plight of the masses and always makes things done at the end of the day.

There are straight opinions about the performance of Governor Mai Mala Buni’s led administration, so far, Buni doesn’t keep your shoes clean and he also doesn’t suffer his with such pleasure he matches on, leading the charge and never panting inspire of the movement energized pace, no one dares to drag, as a tall man, you’d be left behind. And his frankness on issues is second to none.

It is not always easy to work with a “workaholic” Governor whose main requirement is competence plus “doing the extra mile”

Governance in Yobe state, under the determined leadership of Gov. Buni is no more a pleasure ride, it is serious business.

This piece, is not about politics, politics is like the hide of the seas, it swings to and fro, much like the thrust of a pendulum, as they say; wherever the commanding interest lies.

Gov. Buni in his 8 months in office has achieved tremendously and worth commending.

Haruna Yusuf 29/12/2019

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