Achieving the Sendai framework for disaster management by mitigating flood effects in Nigeria
Flooding occurs most commonly from heavy rainfall when natural watercourses lack the capacity to convey excess water and submerges dry land. It can also result from other phenomena, particularly in coastal areas, by a storm surge associated with a tropical cyclone. They are a common natural disaster that is affecting almost all the 36 states of the federation and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Therefore, understanding, assessing and predicting flood events and their impacts are important aspects of developing sustainable flood mitigation strategies that will reduce flood related economic losses in Nigeria.
Also, floods have the tendency to cause severe consequences to the natural and human-modified systems in the country. The risks and hazards caused by flooding in Nigeria vary in magnitude & intensity as well as in time and space.
According to a recent estimate of the World Bank, between 1980 and 2018, flooding has caused economic damages exceeding US$1.6 trillion globally, and more than 300,000 people have lost their lives. In Nigeria floods have affected millions of people in the past few decades and have caused fiscal losses amounting to more than 15 billion US dollars. Flood hazards in Nigeria are generally linked to poor urban planning and climate change conditions; especially due to increased frequency and intensity of rainfall. Some of the major negative impacts of floods in Nigeria include deaths, physical injuries, widespread infection and vector-borne diseases, social disorders, homelessness, food insecurity, economic losses (mainly through destruction of farmlands, social and urban infrastructure) and economic disruption (interruption in telecommunication and power supply).
Flood risks are a hurdle to the development of many African countries including Nigeria that see their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and their investments impaired by the impact of such Flood hazards. In the past few years, numerous devastating flood disasters have been reported in the country. According to the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the 2012 Floods are the most destructive in the recent history of Nigeria. It affected about 30 out of the 36 States of Nigeria, 7 million peoples were directly or indirectly affected in these States, and a total of 597, 476 houses were destroyed and about 363 deaths were reported with large track of farmland and other means of livelihood destroyed.
Furthermore, the UN Post Disaster Needs Assessment conducted from 2014 to 2016 estimated the total value of infrastructure, physical and durable assets destroyed in Nigeria at about $9.6bn. The total value of losses across all sectors of the economy was estimated to be $7.3bn. The combined value of these damages and losses was put at US$16.9bn. Furthermore, the severe effects of flooding in the country are linked to weak regulations and non-compliance to building codes, low investments in flood modeling & prediction technologies, poverty and lack of resilient infrastructure as well as low coping and adaptation capacities by communities. Others are poor insurance cover, weak institutions as well as communication gap that exist in emergency response and early warning communications.
Presently, in Nigeria, all the institutions responsible for managing flood have very limited technical capacities (at the federal, state and local levels). Till date, all the relevant agencies and the relevant stakeholders involved in managing flood disaster are dependent on outdated and rudimentary topographic maps for flood management decision making; hence, the need to develop robust national scale flood inundation models and maps that will show flood risks/ hazards, vulnerabilities of communities, towns and cities.
The development of numerical and predictive modeling tools that will show yearly and decadal flood return periods will aid informed decision making by stakeholders at local, state and federal levels respectively. This will ensure the attainment of the goals and targets of the Sendai frameworks for disaster risk reduction and the Hyogo framework for action in Nigeria.
Last but not least, the adoption of Nature Based Solution (NBS), Sustainable Urban Drainage systems (SUDs) and infiltration SUDs will equally provide solutions to the problems attributed to perennial flooding events. Consequently, the Federal and State Governments need to develop and streamline flood management policies to their developmental plans; as there is lack of coherent government policy to radically address the challenges of flooding in the country.
Lastly, it is obvious that the success of flood risk reduction depends largely on knowledge-based decision support tool, robust institutional framework and flood risks communication; but these factors are currently inadequate in Nigeria. In this respect, it is important to enhance the capacities of all the relevant institutions and their personnel in addressing the problem. Thus, there is the need to transition from the current rudimentary and piece meal approach to flood management to a more viable and integrated sustainable flood management methodology in line with the best practices of the 21stcentury.
Ali Bakari, Ph.D., MIAH, MCIWEM (London), Senior Lecturer in Environmental Geology, Department of Geology, Bayero University Kano-Nigeria
Ali Bakari, PhD (Dundee), MIAH (London)
Department of Geology
Faculty of Earth & Environmental Sciences
Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
APC National Convention: it is irresponsible To Call For Sack Gov. Buni Led CECPC
APC National Convention: It is irresponsible to call for sack Gov Buni led CECPC
It is irresponsible to call for sack of the well constituted and highly celebrated action-packed Governor Buni led Caretaker Extraordinary Convention Planning Committee, All Progressives Congress over the planned national convention of the party. Uptil now, the CECPC has not told anybody that it is not going to conduct the party’s national convention after it has successfully conducted Ward, Local and State Congresses as it said that it is only embarking on nationwide consultations with Party leaders and stakeholders to prepare the ground for a rancour-free National Convention.
It is very wrong for anybody to say that Governor Buni is holding on to the seat to score political goals. For the avoidance of doubt, Buni is a sitting governor that has his second term fully secured in 2023 if he decides to run. The people of Yobe state who overwhelmingly voted for him in 2019 are extremely happy and ready to return him to consolidate on the solid transformation of Yobe state as truly the pride of the Sahel.
Let me say that this call for the sack of the Governor Buni led Caretaker Committee amounts to playing dirty politics, and it is cheap and irresponsible. In fact, Nothing can be more irresponsible and reckless, as such a statement. Nobody in his right senses will call for the sack of the focused and result-oriented Governor Buni led Caretaker Committee.
The Governor Buni led CECPC was legally constituted by the 8th resumed of the National Executive Committee (NEC) of the All Progressives Congress APC which constituted the Caretaker Extraordinary National Convention Planning Committee in place of the dissolved National Working Committee (NWC) of the party. It has performed tremendously well in rebuilding and repisitioning the party for greatness. No amount of hysterical calls for resignation will prevent it from carrying out its constitutional mandate. As a progressive governing party guided by its rules, the CECPC will continue to take the right steps and follow due process in carrying out its activities, in this case the planned national convention is sacrosanct. The APC as a party for all will continue to act on its words.
Let it be known that the Governor Buni led CECPC is not in anyway against the conduct of the all-important exercise as planned it only wanted a rancour-free national convention. If some of the pending issues related to fallout of the Congresses in some states are not amicably resolved it will further polarise the party during and even after the convention. The focus remains that achieving and sustaining the APC Caretaker Committee’s peace and reconciliation core mandate wrapping up with credible national convention is all the more gratifying.
Before the CECPC, the governing party is on the verge of collapse and disintegration. As the Chairman of the CECPC, Governor Buni has been a steady hand in troubled times, and that explains why leading the governing All Progressives Congress at a most turbulent period, he has managed the crisis to bring peace to the party and safe it from disintegration, and even set it on a trajectory of success for the coming national convention and ahead of the 2023 general elections.
For a large and governing party with so many crisis points and conflicting interests like the APC, Governor Mai Mala Buni has always toed the line of compromise, temperance and internal democracy as well as tackled internal squabbles when they have occured as a family affair. He is a stabilising factor and voice that is generally accepted and has successfully forged a common ground among all the interests in the governing party.
Governor Buni is well positioned to stabilize the party and ensure synergy between the party, members and the government. He has shown a capacity to steer the party to stability and remains a strategic political asset to the APC and government.
Buni is not a dictator. As the Chairman APC Caretaker Extraordinary Convention Planning Committee CECPC, because of his background, he has listened, engaged, accommodated and gave a sense of belonging to every member of our great party.
As a principled leader, Buni has always exercised persuasive powers and negotiating skills in the execution of his responsibilities. It is this power of persuation, tact and diplomacy that endeared him to his colleagues (Governors), and all the leaders of the party across the country.
He has brought his natural abilities as a gentleman, peacemaker and a stabilizing voice to resolve many disagreement and Internal conflict in the party.
Hon. Mai Mala Buni has ensured that meeting of party organs under the CECPC are held regularly. It is only when the party’s leadership meet constantly that it will agree and disagree on issues and resolve matters in the interest of the party.
Buni has used his position to ensure a strong and progressive party institution that will continue to make Nigeria great and will continue to bring the party together becsuse he is focused and knows the issues.
Hon Mai Mala Buni has written his name in gold as he takes on the bold steps in rebuilding and repositioning APC ahead of the national convention and the 2023 general elections.
He has designed a medium, and long term development of our strategies and internal organization to support our public standing as well as our chances of electoral successes in all future elections.
Yusuf Ali Media Officer APC Headquaters Abuja
Gov. Buni Leading APC To Victory
Gov. Buni leading APC to victory
- Hon Mai Mala Buni is not a dictator. As the Chairman APC Caretaker Extraordinary Convention Planning Committee CECPC, because of his background, he has listened, engaged, accommodated and gave a sense of belonging to every member of our great party.
- Hon Mai Mala Buni has always exercised persuasive powers and negotiating skills in the execution of his responsibilities. It is this power of persuation, tact and diplomacy that endeared him to his colleagues (Governors) and all the leaders of the party across the country.
- Hon Mai Mala Buni has brought his natural abilities as a gentleman, peacemaker and a stabilizing voice to resolve many disagreement and Internal conflict in the party.
- Hon Mai Mala Buni has prominent people from the North, South, East and West. It means he is a rallying point at the center.
- Hon Mai Mala Buni, the support he has flows from knowledge of the understanding of his person because he has been fortunate to work with his colleagues (Governors) and all the stakeholders, members and teeming supporters of the APC.
- Hon Mai Mala Buni has ensured that meeting of party organs under the CECPC are held regularly. It is only when the party’s leadership meet constantly that it will agree and disagree on issues and resolve matters in the interest of the party.
- Hon Mai Mala Buni has used his position to ensure a strong and progressive party institution that will continue to make Nigeria great.
- Hon Mai Mala Buni will continue to bring the party together because he is focused and he knows the issues.
- Hon Mai Mala Buni has written his name in gold as he take on the bold steps in rebuilding and repositioning APC ahead of the national convention and the 2023 general elections.
- Hon Mai Mala Buni has designed a medium, and long term development of our strategies and internal organization to support our public standing as well as our chances of electoral successes in all future elections.
Yusuf Ali Media Officer APC Headquaters Abuja
Re: Buni, Malami Move To Block Convention, Governors Rise Against interim Party Chair
RE: Buni, Malami Move To Block Convention, Governors Rise Against Interim Party Chair
By Yusuf Ali
These days, so many people are saying so many things; indulging mostly in sponsored attacks, and ficticious lies in the pages of Newspapers on the activities of Governor Buni led CECPC, and as spokepersons, we make the deliberate choice of staying out of the most part because it is not worth replying.
But it is hard to ignore the above publication in the Punch Newspaper of 12 January, 2022 which, according to the reports, a party leader who confided to their correspondents is making the false claims that Governor Buni and the Attorney General of the Federation, Abubakar Malami SAN are delaying the APC National Convention because he (Governor Buni) has a Vice Presidential ambition. Nothing could be further from the truth.
We are concious of the devilish plans being orchestrated by some mischievous elements to cause disaffection between our leaders and to distract the Governor Buni led Caretaker Committee from it’s national assignments of putting the APC family house in order ahead of the national convention.
It is important to note that, at the level the Governor Buni led Caretaker Committee is working, there should be no need to be doubtful about whether our great party, APC will be having it’s national convention after successfully completed the Ward, Local and State Congresses.
It will be recall that after the end of the year 2021 meeting of the Caretaker Extraordinary Convention Planning Committee (CECPC) on Monday, December 20, 2021 and in the APC 2022 New Year Message, both signed by the Secretary, Sen. John James Akpanudoedehe, there was confirmation that planning for the National Convention has commenced. Members and the general public have been put on notice that relevant committees will be setup. The only problem hindering the Governor Buni led CECPC to move to the next level is the unresolved issues of reconciliation in some states. Although the Senator Abdullahi Adamu led National Reconciliation Committee is working round the clock to meet it’s dateline, the reality is that it’s not advisable for the governing APC, a party with so many crisis points and conflicting interests to go for national convention with a divided house.
This is the truth of the matter and not the ficticious lies some people are dishing to misled gullible Nigerians.
For the avoidance of doubts, Governor Mai Mala Buni has not told anybody that he has a presidential ambition. These are mere speculations in the Newspapers. Governor Buni has accepted to serve as the APC Chairman Caretaker Extraordinary Convention Planning Committee (CECPC) because of his love and loyalty to the party that promised brighter days for Nigeria and all Nigerians. He is contributing in this capacity to help develop a strong progressive party institution that can be impactful in the local, state and the national level. He has devoted his life, energy and time to be able to do that. When he is working rebuilding and repositioning the party, first thing comes first. We have to have a structure first. If people start with rebuilding a party today and deciding to become a presidential candidate tomorrow, actually you are trying to destroy the basis of rebuilding the party, because everybody will have ambition.
There are time for everything and Governor Mai Mala Buni has no ambition. As a practicing Muslim and faith in God, he knows that leadership belongs to Almighty God, He gives it whom He wills and takes it from whom He wills none has power to out pass His verdicts. But let it be known that Governor Buni has no ambition. He has not told anyone that he wants to be President or Vice President.
At this juncture, it is important to point out that Governor Mai Mala Buni is not an ambitious politician but a leader with all the qualities of leadership. It is on record that leadership positions and responsibilities was always entrusted on him because of his judgement and respected for his expertise, integrity, etc and hence followed and not because he hold a certain position. He was APC Chairman Yobe State, National Secretary and today by the special grace of God he is serving Governor and Chairman APC Caretaker Extraordinary Convention Planning Committee, positions that he has never aspired but entrusted on him because of his leadership qualities.
At this level and time, what the Governor Buni led Caretaker Committee needs is support from across party ranks to achieve maximum reconciliation for the governing party to go for the national convention as one united family ahead of the 2023 general elections.
We must also acknowledged the marvellous achievements of the Governor Buni led Caretaker Committee, attracting three serving Governors to APC and reconciling many aggrieved members that added to the strength of the party. APC is growing in leaps and bounds.
As the Governor Buni led CECPC prepares for the national convention, we appeal to every party member and supporter to seek above everything else the unity and peace of this great party. The party must remain a strong political entity before, during and after the convention.
We should not forget the bigger challenge ahead of us in 2023, the presidential election without Buhari on the ballot. We cannot go into it divided nor can we win the trophy in such a state. We should all uphold the ideas of the party and give it unflinching support for it’s affairs as we journey into the national convention.
Yusuf Ali Media Officer All Progressives Congress APC Headquarters Abuja
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