In 10 years TETFUND executed over 10,000 projects across 226 tertiary institutions Nation wide – Kashim Imam
By Madu Mohammed, Maiduguri.
The chairman Board of Trustees, of the tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund) Alhaji Kashim Imam has said that since the establishment of TETFund in 2011 has impacted positively on 226 tertiary institutions across the country through the prosecution of over10 thousand Projects.
The TETFund Board Chairman, Alhaji Kashhim Imam who disclosed when he paid a courtesy Call on the Yobe state Governor, Mai Mala Buni at the Government House, Damaturu yesterday said ” I am here on a working visit to your state to Inspect completed and ongoing projects in 6 Federal and state owned tertiary institutions in yobe state. The TETfund was established by the National Assembly Act in 2011 and since it’s inception it has executed over 10 thousand projects across the country ‘.
” In Yobe state we have interventions in 6 tertiary institutions which includes Federal University Gashua, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Federal College of Education, Potiskum, state Polytechnic Geidam, Yobe State University, Damaturu. . Last year in Your state alone, the TETFund expended N5 billion on critical projects across the tertiary institutions and this year the TETFund is to spend N8 billion in Yobe state”.
While commending the Yobe state Governor and chairman Extra ordinary convention of the All Progressive Congress (APC) Hon. Mai Mala Buni for the revalidation and registration exercise, he donated the sum of N10 million in support of the revalidation exercise.
Responding, Governor Mai Mala Buni of Yobe state said ” due to the destructions caused by the decade long Boko Haram insurgency. I have declared a state of emergency in the education sector. Borno and Yobe are educationally backward and it was further worsen by the insurgency that is why we are massively investing in education to bridge the gap. We therefore call for more intervention from your Fund.”
At the Yobe state University, Alhaji Imam said in the 10 years of the inception of TETFund it has executed over 10, 000 projects across the 226 federal and state tertiary institutions across the country. Which consists of 108 projects in Bayero University Kano,66 projects each in LASU and University of portharcourt in the area of critical infrastructures, research, utility vehicles, training and retraining and library interventions.
He said the TETFund has expended N800 million in the Yobe state University in 2020 and has also budgeted N900 million this year to the university.
Earlier, the Vice Chancellor, Yobe State University, Professor Mala Daura said ” the University has benefited over 20 projects from 2006 to date and has spent N3.5 billion in critical infrastructures, training, scholarships, research grants, library development among others”
He said the university which was established in 2006 have witness a lot transformation but however the decade long insurgency have affected the school, Corona Viirus has also had it toll on the academic activities of the school, adding that the university need more intervention from the TETFund for the establishment for the faculty of Agriculture with 4 programme,, construction of student hostels and the Yobe State Teaching Hospital for the take off of medicine and health program.
Responding the chairman assured the university that the Board of Trustees has budgeted bN800 million for the university last and N905 million budgeted for the year 2021 . In the sum of N1 billion to rebuild the destroyed Yobe state polytechnic Geidam.
While at the Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, the Rector of the institution, Dr Usman Kallamu represented by deputy Rector Administration, Dr Mohammed Shuwama said ” the institution has benefited a lot from the TETFund interventions which includes 13 departmental complex, renovation and construction of hostels, 33 KVA line electricity extension to the polytechnic, 1 Solar borehole, general office equipment, computer and internet facilities and laboratory, workshop equipment “.
” Others includes library interventions in terns of assorted textbooks, journals, reference materials over 30,000 volume, research training of 125 both MSC and Phd levels workshop to 667 staff, and conference for both academic and non academic staff totaling 1,226. From 2011 to date over N3.9 billion has been allocated to the polytechnic and well utilized. This includes High impact intervention of N1 billion the projects when completed will accommodate school of sciences and Technology, Environmental studies and 250 capacity twin lecture theaters”, the added.
However the Dr Kallamu said the polytechnic still in need of classrooms, laboratories, workshops and laboratory equipment, female hostels and fencing, , drawing studio and equipment for Environmental studies, upgrade of library utility vehicles, as well solar lightening to classroom and laboratories.
Needless Proliferation Of Unviable Airports, By Kelvin Osa Okunbor
Needless proliferation of unviable airports, by Kelvin Osa Okunbor
There seems to be needless competition in establishing aerodromes without due regard to the feasibility of the venture. In the circumstances, authorities are “forced” to spend revenues earned from four viable terminals in Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt and Kano to subsidise operations in the 20 other airports managed by the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN). Because of necessity, we are giving space to Kelvin Osa Okunbor who examines the rationale behind establishing unviable airports by state governments and wealthy individuals.
Could it be as a result of genuine interest in the economic well-being of citizens that informs the rush to establish aerodromes by state governors and wealthy individuals? What is the rationale for building airports that are not economically viable and which will drain the pint-sized revenue accruable to the state?
Though the establishment of airports as critical air transport infrastructure falls within the purview of the Federal Government, making such venture viable, intrinsically, rests on the shoulders of managers in the domains they are sited. This, every so often, continues to be taxing.
Managers of these airport terminals in Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Enugu, Kano, Kaduna, Benin, Owerri, Jos, Sokoto, Maiduguri, Yola, Bauchi, Gombe, Akure, Ibadan, Ilorin, Calabar, Minna, Katsina, Makurdi and other locations, continue to evolve a lifeline to keep the facility from collapse.
More states caught by the bug
Like a virus, the bug has caught up with Delta, Akwa Ibom, Jigawa, Kebbi, Osun, Ogun, Lagos, Ekiti, Ebonyi, Anambra, Yobe, Zamfara, Nasarawa, Taraba, Edo, and others craving to own airports.
The Minister of Aviation, Hadi Sirika had revealed recently that the Federal Government planned to build 10 new airports across the country in the next three years.
He listed Anambra, Benue, Ekiti, Nasarawa, Ebonyi, and Gombe as some of the states where the projects would be sited. He further revealed that Kebbi and Dutse airports had been taken over by the Federal Government for redevelopment.
Sirika said: “From 2015 till now, we have seen a lot of growth in civil aviation, the number of airports is increasing.
“So far, about seven airports have been added to the map, some of them completed and some are under construction.
Aside from Murtala Muhammed Airport (MMA), Ikeja, Lagos; Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport (NAIA) Abuja; Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport (MAKIA), Kano and Port Harcourt International Airport (PHIA) Omagwa Rivers State, the other terminals spread across the country cannot generate enough revenues for optimal operations.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) lately stated that for an airport to be viable and self-sustaining, it must have at least five million passengers a year.
Judging from passenger traffic, airports in Benin, Calabar, Owerri, Enugu, Jos, Gombe, Dutse, Birnin-Kebbi, Uyo, Asaba, Enugu, Maiduguri, Yola, Makurdi, Ibadan, Akure, Ilorin, Katsina, Sokoto, Jalingo, and Kaduna, among others, could be described as unviable, in the circumstances.
Some aviation experts and analysts have raised the alarm over the viability of these projects. They argue that the proliferation of these facilities will not enhance economic development.
Viability statuses of some Nigerian airports
Data obtained from the global flight tracking website: Flight radar 24 confirms the viability status of some airports in Nigeria.
For flight recordings covering August 19, 2021, and August 25, 2021, Lagos Airport recorded 203 flights, Abuja 200 flights, Kano 32 while Port Harcourt had 80 flights in their listing as viable airports.
In the same period, sampled flights recorded in the unviable airports stood at 24 flights for Benin Airport, 45 for Enugu Airport, 58 for Uyo Airport, 20 flights for Calabar Airport, 14 for Kaduna Airport, four flights for Jos Airport, whereas Ilorin Airport had 21.
Flights recorded for Ibadan Airport was 14, Yola Airport recorded 23 while Maiduguri Airport recorded 16 in the unviable airport category.
In a chat with reporters, the former Managing Director, Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN), Mr Richard Aisebeogun said many airports in Nigeria are unviable because of poor operational facilities.
Aisebeogun said for an airport to be viable and self-sustaining, it must have at least five million passengers a year.
He said the five-million-passenger-mark is the parameter set by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), the global aviation regulator.
On the other hand, other experts differed in their opinions on how to make Nigerian airports viable.
According to Dr Daniel Young, Managing Director, Daniel Young Global Investment Limited, there is a need for managers of airports to be creative in designing their operational model to capture more revenues.
Young said managers of airport terminals should look beyond the traditional sources of revenue, which is flight-related and explore what is described as non-aeronautical sources in aviation parlance.
He said there was nothing wrong with state governments and other entities building more airports, but those saddled with managing such facilities should be creative to work out different ways of generating income.
He said if given the opportunity, he would create models that would enable FAAN to earn over one billion dollars from its airports annually.
Young said FAAN should also look inwards on ways to generate revenue as it has been observed that it had been operating below resource capacity.
On his part, an aviation security consultant, Group Captain John Ojikutu (rtd) said there is a need to review the business plans of many terminals to make them viable.
He said airports classified as category one would attract more charges thereby increasing their revenue chances for the upgrade of facilities and training of technical personnel.
Is concession best option?
Chief Executive Officer Belujane Konzults, Chris Aligbe, expressed support for the Federal Government’s move to concession Nigerian airports which would help in properly positioning them for profitability.
He said it was expedient for the Federal Government to keep supporting FAAN and other regulatory and service providers with grants to make them viable.
Aligbe said aviation infrastructure detests temporary shutdown. More so, they are ready-made tools in the hands of politicians. He observed that some of the unviable government-owned airports were built by state governments for political aggrandizement.
The Secretary-General of the Aviation Safety Roundtable Initiative (ASRTI), Group Captain John Ojikutu (rtd), urged the government to concession all the airports, and not the big four alone, to run efficiently and profitably.
Ojikutu advised that the Lagos and Abuja airports should be thrown open for concession in blocks with four or six others.
The Chairman, House of Representatives Committee on Aviation, Nnolim Nnaji called for the unbundling of FAAN ahead of the move to concession major airports. Nnaji said Nigeria’s airports were not just underdeveloped, but grossly underutilised.
Investigations reveal that FAAN headquarters in the past three years generated N16.10 billion in revenue and collected N15.02 billion. Its expenditure was put at N59.41 billion, leaving a deficit of N29.1 billion.
The Chairman, NIGAV Centre, Fortune Idu, said FAAN was overburdened with managing over 20 airports and paying salaries of over 12,000 workers from the revenue generated by Lagos and Abuja airports.
Experts say the airports would become viable if the managers evolve ways to improve operational facilities such as the installation of airfield lighting systems to pave the way for night flights and increase aircraft utilisation.
Despite their non-viability, Managing Director, FAAN, Captain Rabiu Yadudu said airports will not be shut down because they are critical air transport infrastructure.
He said: “Airports may appear running at a loss, but its managers need to comply with special protocols to meet the required standards. The managers must carry out upgrades and maintenance to ensure that the airport is serviceable at all times. There must be urgent compliance with international best practices.
“The Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria is subsidising 18 airports that are not viable.”
Revenue accruals and expenditures of most airports
A fact-sheet of revenue and expenditure of most airports showed huge revenue shortfall and deficits across the board in 2017, 2018 and 2019.
For instance, the Kaduna International Airport that was upgraded during the 2017 closure of Abuja Airport has, in the past three years, pooled a total of N1.027 billion in generated revenue. Of the sum, N716.7 million was collected. However, the expenditure was in excess of N4.41 billion, leaving a deficit of N3.69 billion.
The Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport, Kano, did not fare better. The airport in 2017, 2018 and 2019 pooled a total of N8.28 billion in generated revenue and collected N7.16 billion but its expenditure totalled N9.6 billion, leaving a shortfall of N2.44 billion.
The Katsina Airport managed to make a total of N250.8 million in generated revenue in three years, out of which only N42.1 million was collected. Its cost of operations was put at N1.58 billion, leaving a deficit balance of N1.54 billion.
In the same manner, Sokoto Airport had a total of N725.7 million generated revenue, out of which N400.1 million was collected. The cost of operation was in excess of N2.71 billion, which resulted in a deficit of N2.31 billion.
In the South, Ibadan Airport in three years made a total of N349.2 million in generated revenue and collected N244.9 million. The expenditure amounted to N1.39 billion with a deficit of N1.14 billion. Ilorin International Airport generated N437.1 million in revenue in three years and collected N264.2 million. The expenditure was in excess of N2.453 billion, giving a shortfall of N2.19 billion.
It is the same for Akure Airport. The facility pooled a total of N175.8 million in generated revenue and collected N168.7 million. But the expenditure was N1.06 billion, leaving a difference of N893.7 million.
The Benin Airport in Edo State also ran at a loss. The airport generated a total of N993.2 million in three years and collected N930.1 million. The total cost of operations was N2.02 billion, leaving a shortfall of N1.09 billion.
The Margaret Ekpo International Airport, Calabar had a total of N540.8 million as generated revenue, though collected more at N559.6 million, the expenditure was as much as N2.50 billion, giving a deficit of N1.94 billion.
Similarly, Sam Mbakwe International Cargo Airport, Owerri, amassed a total of N1.25 billion in generated revenue and collected N1.08 billion. Expenditure was, however, N2.50 billion, with a shortage of N1.42 billion.
Though airports are classified as critical infrastructure with the potential to boost economic activities, their location, experts say, requires deep thinking to drive their viability.
Should state governments build airports?
Chief Executive Officer, Centurion Securities, Group Captain John Ojikutu (rtd) said he is not in support of state governments building airports.
He said: “It does not make economic sense for any of the states, other than Lagos, to build an airport.”
But, President, Aircraft Owners and Pilots’ Association of Nigeria and former Chief Executive Officer, Associated Airlines, Mr Alex Nwuba said there is nothing wrong in state governments building airports.
He said those opposed to the project should have a rethink.
On viability, he said: “Having an airport is basically to open up the state to citizens, foreigners, investors, speed up access to medical services and provide a way for agricultural products to leave the state at the appropriate time.”
Controversies over running state-owned airports
On April 17, 2019, the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN) threatened to withdraw essential services to the Gombe and Kebbi airports over debts estimated at about N731, 873,721 million.
Investigations reveal that out of the N731, 873,721 debts, the Gombe Airport is indebted to FAAN to the tune of N607, 289,972, while Kebbi is indebted to FAAN to the tune of N124, 547, 240. The debts are backdated to September 10, 2018, according to a circular to debtor airports from FAAN’s Credit Control Department.
The circular demanded that the airports should pay up before May 1, 2019, or face FAAN’s sanctions in the form of withdrawal of those services.
The Gombe and Kebbi airports are the two most heavily indebted airports to FAAN. It was, however, learnt that by May, the other private airports indebted to FAAN might also face similar sanctions.
Commenting on the development, an aviation analyst, Engr. Sheri Kyari stressed that it was not sustainable for a state government to operate an airport.
“It is not just about building an airport. You need to talk about maintenance,” he said.
On February 23, 2021, the Delta State entered into a 30-year concession agreement with FIDC-Menzies, the major concessionaire’s Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) to manage the Asaba International Airport.
Part of the terms of the agreement is the incorporation of its name into Asaba Airport.
The mandate of the major concessionaire is to grow traffic, increase the economic prosperity of the state by taking advantage of the proximity of Asaba to Eastern commercial hubs of Onitsha and Nnewi in Anambra State.
Other sub-concessionaires of the aerodrome are Air Peace which is serving as the anchor airline and had indicated plans to build a Maintenance Repair Overhaul (MRO) facility; Multifreight Cargo and Logistics which will provide cargo and logistics services, Arbico Construction Company which intends to develop the business park, hotel and convention Centre.
Rainoil Limited and Cybernetics Limited are to develop the tank farm and provide aviation fuel while Quorum Aviation Limited is poised to develop and manage the private jet and helicopter terminal.
The concession stipulates that the concessionaire would pay the state government N100 million royalties every year for the 30 years concession pact.
Delta State Governor, Ifeanyi Okowa said he adopted the most suitable option open to the state government at this time.
He said the State Government identified private investors who will complete the development and invest further in the expansion and modernisation of facilities at the airport to meet global standards.
The Governor lamented that the airport which was conceived and built by former Governor of Delta State, Dr Emmanuel Eweta Uduaghan to tap from the proximity of the Eastern cities of Onitsha and Nnewi and to be a hub for cargo export for agricultural and manufactured products suffered a major setback when the airport was downgraded to category three by the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA).
Maiduguri Attack: Wake Up, Governor Zulum Tells Military
Maiduguri Attack:, Wake Up, , Governor Zulum tells Military
By Madu Mohammed, Maiduguri
The Borno Governor, Babagana Zulum, has called on the military to wake up to ensure Maiduguri is fully secured and fortified.
Governor Zulum made the call yesterday when he visited the 1,000 units housing estate in Maiduguri which was hit on Saturday morning by a rocket launcher believed to have been fired by Boko Haram/ISWAP terror groups.
“It is very sad and unfortunate that this kind of attack and others are happening at this time. It seems the insurgents came very close to Maiduguri. Our military have to wake up and ensure adequate surveillance. This is something we should be able to avert. For the insurgents to have come so close to fire rockets, I think there is something wrong that we have to check”, Zulum stated
The Governor said “we have to fortify Maiduguri, as we will continue to do around other cities and towns across the state. We have to ensure adequate patrols on daily basis to avert future attacks”
He also said he was setting up what he called “a small committee” to assess damages inflicted and advise government on measures to avert future occurrence on the scene and other parts of the city.
Zulum who had been praising the military in the last one year was unhappy with the attack as well as the recent abductions. He described the Saturday attack as worrisome and he called on the military to wake up from some instances of laxity.
The explosives hit a house at the estate, causing serious commotion around Ngomari Airport, Njimtilo and Shuwari village which are near the estate. No life was lost, the governor was told.
Zulum while commiserating with all those affected said ” I wish to sympathize with those affected by today’s attack, I will constitute a small committee to ascertain the level of damage and advise government on how to avert future occurrence.”
He assured that government will take measures to hopefully avert any future occurrence
Gov. Buni Flags off Construction of Two Roads, Commissions Township Road, Baby Care Unit
GOV. BUNI FLAGS OFF CONSTRUCTION OF TWO ROADS, COMMISSIONS TOWNSHIP ROAD, BABY CARE UNIT
By Usman Bello, Damaturu
His Excellency the Executive Governor of Yobe state and Chairman APC Caretaker Extraordinary Convention Planning Committee, Hon. Mai Mala Buni, today flagged off the construction of Balaguwa-Kumaganam, Chumbusko-Tagali roads, inaugurated the Nguru township roads as well as the Special Care Baby Unit at the Specialists Hospital, Gashua.
The governor explained that the roads are to open up the benefitting Communities for increased socio-economic activities.
“This is to stimulate commerce and trade for economic development in the benefitting Communities”
He directed contractors handling the projects to live upto the contractual agreements including the time frame “for government to have value for its money.”
He assured that government would continue to provide infrastructure that would improve the lives of the people.
The governor however called on the benefitting Communities to guard and protect the projects for maximum benefit.
The benefitting Communities individually pledged to protect the projects for maximum benefits.
Governor Buni was presented with an award by a Non Governmental Organization in recognition of his achievements in the health sector.
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